Currently, collection of umbilical cord blood is one of the most rapidly increasing obstetrical procedures. Every year thousands of new parents, including those who do not have illnesses in their family’s clinical history, decide to preserve their babies’ umbilical cord blood stem cells. After the mother enrolls in the service, she receives a collection kit with all the required elements. The kit must be preserved and stored in a safe place until the delivery date when she hands it over to the doctor. The doctor collects the cord blood from the umbilical cord immediately after the baby’s birth, but generally before the placenta is delivered. This is the only opportunity to harvest a newborn’s cord blood stem cells. Neither the mother, nor the baby feels any pain or are at risk during the collection process, which does not interfere with the delivery at all. The blood is taken from the cord once it has been clamped and cut. A needle is gently inserted into the thicker umbilical cord vein and the blood bag begins to fill with cord blood. The objective is to collect as much blood as possible to ensure a maximum amount of stem cells. Once the blood is finally collected, a label containing the mother’s and baby’s names as well as the date and time of delivery is placed on the front of the collection bag. The sample must remain at room temperature and should not be refrigerated. As soon as the process is finished, the cord blood sample is sent for processing to our cryogenic laboratory. This type of collection is safe for both traditional and cesarean deliveries.